Revue Web

ESSAIS

The Terrorists

25 juin 2006

Abstract : The debates surrounding American national security following September 11 have created a charged and polarizing environment. Unfortunately, they have also almost uniformly misframed the issue by defining the war as one against "terrorism" or "the terrorists" instead of an identifiable enemy, which itself poses a much greater threat to America than terrorist attacks.






  • Texte en PDF





Masquez la colonne info

George Orwell was not the first to point out that the words we use to describe war and peace in political dialogue is important, but his notion of doublespeak – euphemisms used by the government in order to sanitize their true meaning – has proved a lasting contribution to political discourse and critique. More recently, George Lakoff’s best seller Don’t Think of an Elephant also caused many to take pause in examining the central connection between linguistics and political debate, as Lakoff argues that he who “frames” the debate will necessarily enter it with a stronger hand. With this in mind, it’s quite revealing, and perhaps troubling, to think about how Americans, and the Western press in general, engages in debate over terrorism and national security since 9/11.

“The War on Terror”

Before the Department of Defense introduced the newest addition to the American Lexicon on National Security, “The Long War” – or “The New War,” according to President Bush in his May 27 speech at West Point – the catch phrase for policy wonks and Joe Average alike was “The War on Terror”. Some poked fun at the idea of yet another war on a common noun given the United States’ track record on winning common noun wars such as the war on poverty or the war on drugs, but few stopped to comment on the complete absurdity of declaring war on Terror.

For the most part, the press tended to overlook or perhaps forgive the poorly named “War on Terror” and instead referred to Washington’s “War on Terrorism”. Although this was an important step in refocusing the war against an emotion, it overlooked the fact that terrorism is a tactic, not an enemy. Even though The War on Bombing would seem like a strange policy directive in which to fundamentally reorganize national security, this is exactly the type of strategic thinking that spread far beyond Washington, like brushfire, with “Terrorism” often altered to “the terrorists” in speeches, debates, interviews, and media reports.

So what, then, is the problem with The War on The Terrorists ?

The problem, in a nutshell, is the. As any non-native speaker of English knows, choosing between the definite article “the” and indefinite article “a” or “an” can cause years of anxiety ; as any native listener knows, changing this one word can vastly alter the meaning of a sentence. “The” implies the assumption of a shared understanding of the noun being modified. When Person A writes a letter to Person B stating “I read the book,” the nuance is that both Person A and B are thinking of the same book – what it looks like, who it’s by, and what it’s about. If Person A were to write “I read a book,” on the other hand, there is no assumption of shared image – and consequentially a need for Person A to explain which type of book, by which author, about what topic. The indefinite article “the” carries a strong connotation of imagery, or more specifically, an assumption of shared imagery.

Many have argued that A War on Terrorism – or its derivate, The Terrorists who conduct the terrorism – is ill advised. Few have noted that just by framing the debate as one regarding “the” terrorists as opposed to “a” terrorist (Osama Bin Laden), “a group of terrorists” (al-Qaeda) or even a more expansive movement such as “international fundamentalist Islamic Terror Groups,” we engage in a debate with a number of dangerous assumptions that we are most likely not even conscience of. When President Bush addresses the nation and argues that we need to find, fight, and destroy the terrorists, his language implies that the listener shares an image of what “the terrorist” looks like, what “the terrorist” thinks, and by extension, what drives “the terrorist” to conduct terrorism. This is reinforced by his frequent use of the pronoun “they”. In a way, it assumes that “the terrorists” are a pre-defined group, a group that was born that way and will die that way, negating the reality that terrorism is a tactic used by a wide range of people for a number of reasons, and that a terrorist is born when somebody decides to commit an act of terrorism – calculated violence aimed at inciting fear in a public or government in order to further a political cause – not when the population of Afghanistan, Iraq, or Saudi Arabia, for example, rises.

The danger with the language of “the terrorists” is that we talk ourselves into believing that terrorist cells, groups, or organizations have a certain characteristic (beyond the tactic they choose to employ) that binds them together as a cohesive community. This false and often times racist assumption does more damage to American ideals, American policy, and American image abroad than any string of terrorist attacks possibly could. Which is not only misguided, but also dangerous ; before September 11, Timothy McVeigh was the most deadly terrorist in American history, and when people describe The War on Terrorism and The Terrorists today, few conjure the image of McVeigh’s face.

Unfortunately, to the dismay of political linguists like Lakoff and to the disgrace of both the left and right, a culture of fear surrounding “the” terrorists has permeated America following September 11. Examples from the media are overwhelming ; the text of a liberal leaning political cartoon printed in The Washington Post in May depicting an American talking on the phone while being watched by the NSA, FBI, and CIA is “what was it again that the terrorists hate ? Oh yeah, our freedom”. Pop culture is just as guilty. Dakota Fanning was remembered as playing an adorably believable character in Steven Spielberg’s 2005 War of the Worlds ; when the aliens begin their attack on the Jersey suburb, her first of many screams is (adorably believably) “is it the terrorists ?” In short, the problem with “the” terrorists is not limited to the Heritage Foundation or the White House Office of Communications. The problem with “the” terrorists is a problem that nearly all Americans suffer from.

To their own detriment. Particularly since it’s impossible to engage in a fair and rational debate on a topic of such importance if our words betray our very real vulnerability. Even if Bush’s rhetoric has largely shifted to immigration and “securing our borders,” the changes in the White House following the recent shuffling of posts seems to be much more based in changes of style than substance, and given Bush’s refusal to accept Secretary of Defense Rumsfeld’s resignation, even these changes have not spread in meaningful ways to American defense policy. Whether you support speaking softly and carrying a big stick, speaking loudly and carrying a big stick, or speaking in either way while not carrying a stick, it’s vitally important to speak clearly in any and all of the above situations.

Répondre à cet article



|
# robots.txt # @url: http://sens-public.org # @generator: SPIP 2.1.26 [21262] # @template: squelettes-dist/robots.txt.html User-agent: * Disallow: /local/ Disallow: /ecrire/ Disallow: /extensions/ Disallow: /lib/ Disallow: /plugins/ Disallow: /prive/ Disallow: /squelettes-dist/ Disallow: /squelettes/ Sitemap: http://sens-public.org/sitemap.xml Sens Public

Revue Web - Home

Dernières Publications

ESSAIS
Beth Kearney

«  Traversé de fantômes  »



Résumé : En prenant l’exemple d’Y penser sans cesse de Marie NDiaye et de Denis Cointe, l’auteure démontre l’influence mutuelle du visuel et du textuel, ainsi que les divers échanges possibles entre les supports artistiques. Tentant de comprendre les échanges intermédiaux au sein de cette collaboration artistique qui a donné lieu à un objet livresque et filmique, l’auteure décèle trois moments fantomatiques, mettant en lumière une présence-absence oscillant entre les supports : l’effacement identitaire (...) lire la suite...

CHRONIQUES
Jessé Souza

Bolsonaro, raciste en chef du Ku Klux Klan et des petits blancs du brésil


Résumé : Six mois après sa prise de fonction, le gouvernement Bolsonaro est confronté au dégoût d’un certain nombre de ses électeurs. Les preuves du complot pour écarter Lula de la vie politique viennent d’être publiées par The Intercept. Elles encouragent les opposants au gouvernement, mais obligent aussi (...) lire la suite...




ACTES DE COLLOQUE



|
%PDF-1.4 %äüöß 2 0 obj <> stream xWK8Wh]%C\'1.fQf(Cf^!`'y~;GA{~4*:zr.{yOqVdIRWPYCMڦp֎>AEsSC|Gl3}{ǒu/ËY嶳8?￟n+: 6^1[ӛ\8x<3#+#C"Ջ~nszt0`:&u6&9y߁BA`uv2ЃÄ٭U{2ݿ>f Ld]-+ҁk)w 60G`!)~G^n:RqTSy0~}/1 ^C`[VȆL<\SX(h:W_: 1Si)n( yazYhɈ7$h+9#&o"xV-{`<<ɎkȢN aᠺO<'l-?e+i( L:&,;7řxkۖ ExϪ~!veFTP 8wD A2C.ՂCMWJ.bK pd!RH :⋊#RL"#KAorWteC&*Eרޑ YRhoXviz (AC9YX$- 3:}5Smǜ_P fj3SxT:8y> stream xOgGVJa0NCvAWA34 '<\$ L6 .xd`$@VV@@C O4L "0E.wSNsZt~nT B!B!B!B!B!$/ŧ??:O?~xs/[@m9ћҋƟn/]"l{_|Iɑ&vqN֯K0u I9ZL'gA/wjւ-BȘ~4jnh` sg)Z!Ug5W!MYE~ SjHuBqV> ў'g n]mz@r"0-+++ LAv NP3HUN!]a)z/.sb%d0MqAWR3oXor&S!5cVT 9JU|5>ۧӉ'4 9JuC !UT|@BΓTGD,Bv:>9XBT+BHQR%S !!0'Qn|tw-yOxCIJV[ol](53W+2g˵.!z '`.Iƭ;g[k@??PK wǐP{٦XQ6Bt:9w?޺PhjCĺx0fyНlgYCWFUx#zPa^x?^Aa <Qյ-IW"1TMPoȳq)՗_9͇A7,kF+ҽ ժIVj) RP?j,IB5&U]?9DB=@{}Բި}'}^J{OӮB/2!>M+5Pվ:lAR*UȰ3N0}JCt\9VT?ha5'XVh/JSF[E!OE{:i[&7uJ*̓ XGFXS*Ce:jU7` ыWrU[y J$)A49SC@|D+ieJS-_ɮ>/#hz^ILÇ/շ KwɈfTMkenpj+$r2gtpBX0ɯ:e*_&| TBWDN R sR=>4Tв~iZA6KAJM +(%ui? C[¸3pnpZ 9ӆ^wdTx廠 o[Vz1EIݦewhWʩAC 'wbu[!Jم|"iw?G?[XcQ)]6v]sE%VA(FR>Z9 TUlRB˖f7ڛ` O-%x0Ь7n/ UG@1Elg9檛jsVji PT4 X-aElM+R"Ňuܝ7ik:s 2QtL9QbؗWnb~Q c:&6KPc+rAtC||= y!!9N/TEhIzTX^97x` w%j1Js'}bpsJsor&U9IBoԉ캎MTҡrQcUHLu>Iy r)C*>װ !DpJvu~qsl:nx^B9UR(^K1l&hiZ38wC!IW+T9B^ęKGUAQڸSw*a4Aj%hxm| M?^s/^g*)];@7z\o J:4lfՆlɥ3 ̺r)Iyy!½*G8ZCM.JU."OdKN02~9 }0n|tÍV=x4˩BrYيRe{m0 ߓRmokԃRUD5SS&|Ko>mP{ >ߙ8_Ÿ^A ߄hH dAaTV :[gmR8=tKM˹"T%IA8 oN8VRcEJ`4nT(:$PplE2'}N`W9Q+])C2uc*z~"<*o4/{6Nq`и/>@'+URC2織-E9OFRm庴|2몚ѡR]8]G;[TNCꪹ}*UwQroVp *]9߲JuѱXu lWI%xO&'T^B8>pQ=$RU(':Lo$F!ޙ2rβgTeh+p15_ DϷcp7ҕC q~~s|͵kJ<%Gћo}}ԕ+WB/_ YU髜 P P~O}q 8hԄ7T<@߷h8=X36NMӹFuT&eS5Z)z㍏6\L=/6OM|zz&S͕}<#kKz(H)p%?ٮR +0lxqzhy$ ǫ+8B/_o}t+) jjLejdE ԾWtjxmTR ̈́/rxx;Tc*7G4䃥}87z6KR^꥗N0wC%Ra Mt=sԪvhD͛7~b>yȣWGF~)J$3<_B\pGH!7M*ioA.liSzB2̥_tI3]?p9rnPɟ4]aAx\VQ6r'+W󽿤gi[īJf[L+ZE! P? 5fe)ͪRsrrr4q*_ٮ^QU!չFhO+͕>T>#m-Ju6d[z bRo={G@nJʙĈƟzJ%/,s٪y$6h)?:gP4d*˚#fY9v2Iݮ%S*+l<_$RZⱫ+r)ܗ;jztíJ|JʔX5#^=*lLu[,4R&e:z0h*cSFV7єP'DR)joHE\7~w%Ԙ9Wz?Ka?-uH8SkM% z`SXJR)CJ4~aތ7ZFxM?y$٭Raxd' ޒ\*Y~p Lz]jH6zעFA&;T\X a^-Tx_!QE<`/>a Nsz4Q|xqtM } :8zaĿE/\J(IiQ*ɱNJIO k|J`dk?u<$ޤ4QvnY?a8ђRC(Db[lYE!1G+jkw~)CMxj1Bt+Mq)'k6٤DiB5V,UBOQ++U֬)h,thB.h?=Xz1BՕ7\0sNCUE~5J(&e%<@ 7JЦTkrRj[}yj23/a#ϴ^ S9gRt|4g~_ԛ}Jvj`z)U~2!!C#]W)*Y~ˆAX2k(vMC@9j Z&xw} gY\4hve L)=/ Iamo޺) [5KHRGjb5:TdxZ&J&߲zz?~>yVp ܚOlʐ'*`i-'c` (C3ӱKC?q7nK]6(ֈ@RM["?vq!ϤIċFš7Еөu6,Į't-X7|R(T**5.J5AwIYeTloJ 9ѝ gT)j4t0JYxoJ%TĽ>.tT.TrjRVeޔJfQv )UԵlTk~/-9|:P|ِRE3R-ؖRE٤R-C֩TD*fڕRuR-;9jRm+JAs~cRy AeIeRz*]S(U҆BP|%~Tr 5j*U(zBTRe:nWIm-Ju||͡7_$T*_Tzݕ7&DEK917ljT*_6TYCψS)UVTlH^KKea1l_\6Tʳ5g]!Ig P|qOy) S²x{a Tޔ*9| cJ{}:#:-J)@-d/IvT C&]`Q|T6Ke;H́*I (xFwj:T*j~V T*_*+fM|`P W*W &og3{&5nJ  F> stream x[Kϯu'dK24q" %7H wTOnߓ\gmKR=JoM˻ٽon~ޗɭ?޲xCxO7nmq \}Ɵ`_`V^}o?~n?~c\|ii\Z\ӲyW?C|Lys]m1_/ݬb e0mЦu[(S ˌ\ צXeI[XWN}6+JXG/7*k)=P;\C>wupU>Z~NjU_0G?zo_˰ ?:{->,?az>p=s^+Iٲ~'lo{T۬ o?hǭ7$'#.d册,%#6/pΑ8徢 ;}cxrta㵯J#IyzhhUQI4[,T9 PY2 h4KJ]09xv"-ܕ"Q%H!zˬ08o l9T@U[ g^^2e{ӊm8nW] _i^JQ,p3  {~n%8Q.d#iєw)bpWfRrRsxmܢl:т<=>яO6-* cL{ k v,Zd>HtOI?S)[刺[5̳FӼGH%enu+yQƶ q+C}]h#@)'ϰ[_|se\`+N75 }EkK$/Jq!  Mxu|y}:Ul|e-+3%MfvWEPaCg_L7E{c -3wvI2bh&Z1_قt&s q@ڙ'ōv?ƕ}dJ+c Pq|pfMTTZdmj҄ZfǫP\O*Lz2K:̩|jsOMI?1b /I*^v5 6O}oute|S G$0q9ZWI݌0s=`R|Z*g4LEʮN. @/9Mss,Z۽$Ā[X%M'-kUZ4#C}7xm]XסoC-׮ޟ5EUƊ/FFMk9'e~LUjy0'b]$QP**˚hFk|+hebn[!/?O~HaB.~J>@NBJY{G'CBRA5jN"vpQo:Wn#j*+Iwʥ8*bl JVWæTa2bnq)N^ǗD.KCWv3A3_V|h? r >7J Ҽǀr; JpZr^;m RBϝZe2YMV7uONU- *2E/P𩠤 ςn./ I:ύ)X ܬ,58\24Xr j ݘ =ΙXoW1st +߃tKIޝ.3`IWY7_B2^=!m5oBUT?;q}r o;j{X}"/:=Pt$UȔ!ʼ`8::U}}Ja5;Cz u+CNY?a݇i4quOG:>4 k˄ uu&lz)2<TV6"sqY^LP'+QyUIJ`S־8E:sQ+BGoLW)iP ^#i`ԟHӏ+ܶԎ9{'ɲ#axy)Y9- BIa_ՎBvh)qOdCTr0+˜xt_-+$tJ0wg: X^5"RcQ2MN>{xDa},*[,GM}:ڸ'=ɒgN:24p\v?mq0 [t;Cp-:^q虒}%E4"FH*y$XuK\P .v+ /DXr-UHc'T ֓x$X8i3ϝ5f-őϭ7znNh{46L[њL5y* XҴ<>$3=(#\Bf%TVxxrZ8ۆph> 3QYeRJ q8} $isKA0Xk2a6>9 Eސl#5:MՀĢOeҫi`Ĕ y LUl;3c\<: ij tG#1gK:;N$YOuo{nCG j$bX;eEL3H&G ssӜ<frF+Q?3q ?8D'Ub0P^l K'qإ9h [;ԯļCWW(u1)ӔR-U蔚wl򅻮ZMgte@<)5LCC0xjpB k24;4ug s!y{ps^ү\/ut<;;'yMb=lËxnC$s<"i2%sÁqBxRO]D;'e/˭p.,m&S9*iAù~u jqUpF 0C%4|kJ-M"Wgsu .os&纇Jvɒ1{lێA[VqHU'"xV%FLZ,FJ6X8(?!q- |fݹ'>j'Iw8K t E \` Kg<` ecKu$w3SYuy_n̝ endstream endobj 8 0 obj 4192 endobj 10 0 obj <> stream x\ˊ{Oi_pmM^FZ2D>{1MpJú:zyV_/?~޸B{y?>XY P0P<'5ic LmR æ[RY(W&-UV.u5:{{p`~/ٽL7{ {h/b}jk~j#6E |d- 8MOq 4JKTyEkHxĻ\J2>7D@%YEDPxkŽ(-ݚ 4̦Gg|[W`,e5RL<[}3/r{#UjfUsҿO I>,JA/vjȐ׫ gSY!RihWlj Qpr]Nymw/s٪͙'3ފ4c6} 3GHg8Q#L6s*Szzv/H8YQ"=~YF Vxk#QUXe[0 Hp. .VwO,lǸK*oa``nN ,AI'"cjPΔH8plK%78m?]V_5J?3^a}Vu=5 A`7Eqj/0“:hɯQ;IU?SIf:k2`BVҺ nzCmWDv~W>&BV8׍ "ZX ą\ AfnLV=Br,H\Ix=t*R- н\5tUZ щ#VauOQ04%JC_+3u<κZ6>?r>qB)ʌB4RG#hbB_.QBעe㧑+c:+|&fź-NC+%=BFqdeyz始Qn(F P#f@kM dHk+E#M{ʬCG˪/f]B-e&ӄ3t䣄r^0z uy>JKc:Zy9`] q1p|\e Ŀ`5 QҘrC:.C>$ؚf45.7)`,Xc5 KrMH{q a.?LZ558Y7ݬ*SdpWxY;.UX)Nmqn˗Hk0v1~swΡ/!}he`1@XѳW VW71 Rc+<.q=0j4[ͽEM:W ܉ZꤹHϦO2VBz]zd`J) _΁K[2k= a=m229C!/sN-+Isӷ0v1s`”[jA*+CFoi~z2V2 ٣ZELoUq*SC_USNmSYCX)׵,·4(lGE(B3Kά*a>gys׺x@i\驤ݙ&ȆJEk*ړ3go3SiD*6iOl=` !^|]{&1-6;% /Dx☻ 3&HŸT3O*np.b[r((2nlPGpE ry Oc=zyѺZxUW0Y(6zR7LFM|[\Ӡ&) ť CyZڜ2h|Bq} 9LK`(:Qd (GA稷t&I4hh/޺㰃 Ú !cq T>ZHGm#AB}a5\fzwB6 UzB!X6KDhz͐f.ܜgvUQutpU"'Z?&‘uyl^V_+[dh֨tk͔[=e- w[ހ!6~d}Kc >ZmhKiQ kẛQ)9L8U\q)jnp|Xs4 ti_\i#-ANNev~UivhNdH oXkbM \%sYPGTգzdjMxm39i0qu!B(=mZ}Ou΋䠻#~'MV .T'=,6#v,LLn[ԭ}p{h__..`g;sx_x$}L՝. oz!LErװ@,*%JyQJO84}$Epޣ[}0 a^!?Rw'8i_z! /Qt'uq=\ۏppl3VBj}05|W׃dbS5'z~ Zz'p~Ub^𠠿Յ1Oɩy ]:wJuy")^OŤ^;Lw%Nin 9,,st82q}pp[_^ļsE t+l7~ю7-iu]@?EQsцڎG6C[C$FܪW1${71L"hS@4hi`6b$h29$gO}:k6i>-ZTܼz,zA>|ϯ [ ..-!\&?>˟vU!!3$kA nē(i2H-_VF)dGy5Ѩ?&E> stream xZK, ϯu;e4Ydwa ]r7%Y;@ό=>ɟTm.pOdoa {J.??o,r8˝Nؾ˸"KWċKv5vsjv񛻚2nN[ye[ģ i t5a-ub?r$š֫mʧJ}g8Y_{ANѬUpCSc99}߬)P a('@y$[y\!  p0 ໓a*!Y^|\>YmLj%PrkpA/ڱr\Lֿ0Hy) p-JNK^z{դPl ՞iwu ۀ{?%$0Q l=}Yhwx A oeN?Yg e[bm#(&sm ;J׍Yș9O))J=lcq9qP,Zxl,[kWcUe + z%+f8eRbQ0IB&J,b [F?FIq7D^PF+z# AKl> stream x|{XT̜}.X,EQ."HdP#"(( rh6mso4M47WDT 6&mMMb.MKy~.i=ߟ_03̼s{oΜe;"-D/_]T:oB iYA9!%+ZV~ќRf |ewMZ||]mu{Ie'B`" [ݱޡ_ !yy=Y!O^]e?OMիkx*-&PlZV۲q{ŐoDH+(Џ@ +QRk:A2"̑@|x y/!§4~JiJ>p@h?zףq|ZD}Bڄ~#-;BxP3lT147[P?`[oh ƽ !Ch>jFw5oCYh6jB-3X'xop%'xi-g0qAt߫:0J'`JWĢu0AxZ M\D0<XNTCg$VQDc= FGE/3X(]Ay@$ 5Wwv_fV+6O#3JaOAˏWxpӃӐJm[>vT</&I<ʵ!%8T~zQ%''gsA=pċF@:Xm!) Kgb5&ݍA_aqބ >?%":{"Mq.*-y 9zVևNs}X8ߍ/;H%qIYG~F!'9EA\2\kYmvs{w' 9Mqbbox)+WF; " i~w@;NSlR܀[z!K6@? 0gq9'dM^C&r" \$*Z7wy5x/gK5'' 늏ZC)NbK<*VVt<>m劸#AnI%b0LsE ~!n.ƋPM0OC˿am Z| hQ7F$-7q3Y,wx5!7%~ rV!ES9P\qd.HQ! "FC;_Ax= ZhH*HA?)v\=$\ AkI^㞅ٟ$ss4`3 2x%bϟ붉Kc!VlQ~(( <AAo+{#^R`u_^DWh؃M~څm7NN*Ǒ.w-؆>yLUC]"| ;,h*?fr(}x.9εzϢ.FuF4~)*Pa7Z0v@5`^;%'{rVfFz ǥw\슉vF96%a2JNQ9QJ{zVx{q4ﮆ1U_|-0WbbIER",t˽xɂ2.tˁ!anrP*(0}m]WQU!twH.pԪǥCj Vw!l@E9R`R(`weEQR`{Y > 0 azt|(ekgU5ꊲW]N0`€uy,tn*(>6*4յ]]P66%ӫ;ŋdl+/ m0LWBWZ_T5{ X b_r]%e@^yȌn8lkkƥ!€V7cCPQb:# y 3)sÚ&Өv2Z>SU8RPTuI9(%% pڒp/}(HdTԠ~|d*"b83ǥ%nw$CC9@Xzhd By-FT_yTњRZ9R3ڼ \Ȁ;g,Eu9lյEK䢮0mKɅ'օ@DAEX-e(2͔i|< LkzE%H%+T53cczi+\mf wm~5k`°U,R_SpJb*͌dʣ~ YE  FrP2 ]Wt<7ع-K>򛮖 hUs@)vȍw,8;-)C`RP5Sq 3WA_p5!°}/s;$. p0чFս=Z~ 6T1УXŀ?BF?˫FZA`P#N+hTk'f{hTopPz{P:Dyc4Y'N@>'Ij2x#gu:\Wb3$gtB^py2xATvGQiJ"8TFiX/&+} )( _,fgn4,4k+MbO75})|JQ.AhH0',:OdItTէOLoUN@geb= ,6(SQj7ZTƋx)N"x]omF#HP9PJVFCoj^~(*eh2YxެFV9R+2cLU4JQױtZR)`d0Hm,pEשt)Z-j%~<#n6n1#i$R(:W|sK9*+mW*[a(/W'(Fo3޷}mTnK'DKi(dL^CO 2'?ŁEqC bAiC*5Ai +dڷ7x[@{FIhGYY;caˈVON5e"aEL*[ Z+cqzuRVa7c}{2;zp؁?+7F< Y'g|m$IR8|oC=`I++P J?S꿙3f =j6Qy2♔p:aN(Ny۪"HiXmPV* mA٠jP7h oO!I$M,Qkj5OG&ޟ O$K<ג L<#j8p 7DUkG;z8{FCJ]<l[XTݽm+gwn:[.a-N~oI>_~GAݓ`e1pς7#AK҇'O\.cNق6^Vfɩ`ѩuzcS,D kz=Ľ5(* B;Z16QYv׌,!*wtlW@LP@[rH3:șC2{vjXs%\: +^Z`g'kvΕ}'^D%6ѷHx^rPi r%@U9dE`2¢F'Ax鱕iDc2ꮕ.UK)dT Z[:NERu\t^GtmYjm*T꜊W"~#RQU [cģ(}CW#ʉl3t^g1G)(JPR^tJc*mc3)fӍRNM0魛'iz4Ʀ H2ɽW=qƂEv΀{Kя$+;cQd*RT҉LE-sV# ~Jt23TZrDXE,VETY&sIZήn \b^<=:>Zwh?$>nٰ0=bn褪`Z^H  :G'LݣW머(XGsa~~3:^1uIVS$nĨa2]Ks٩Ryj Jka[цj*{(gj۝uоeɎpf}$g1zU/onrZ8xCvh.#M!zD*Lڮ!T.ʕ+z2C1X2mERRdPTJJBjjUڴRc[#UBw#W(QߨmjFES1{͍b.J]Qz`!KCDAjHLA'>c(2M&QzzxXAZ=tLXd9Q`/+^P*JaT^"*q+A!r=:clhP ,HO؀^ mIH`bZf֬PCv^GAҫOP1oÕaW("y74uڴ)7cxc3sJWv4i π 1(749Eo)2 h{tkNqgk&gie:ͷ/#) SSf'Nٛ"N2]3=($$^\<*3L§/$!ItF̖H2,I'l)N(ΩU["6)+~kʧ5@&Vs/)[hZXՅ{i 3QR=\㆓w ԱS.er /#6̿ouХ-ɕ ;yzF?O\Y{߬I $&k&xep8I+ؼæk\l/n|'7o jd¹>:og? W^{Y_9 e uLsR^h^\Ij*⭈wE|d`#!Z\.cG7ޒC2uŤH7|bJG'o%#9F2\GNcK(hSF,*c\Hvkd5kd Jר5OcWD&qxV }K̘L#8K[揽o\vȥ?HVؿ o41&מ֚ӷUݗz욵xtwO\ׂ|v:1گ_9 ʳY8AGQOQTv#9I|}r2AW\5KwGCttGK;BOڟN#8u5tojg$3c+^1$L%;"n/'zr˭k8άE;lؚNݹӺDsEǽѷNfܭsznw]yb/~D8'ufՍ[G=$Y ?!5H vVH*A-X)a)^HUT%nGxJDj4s&`G^3Y^B aw(ɉC+~pt^W_:)ف+RƘ.Jͻo  zn䘝19Kyl4q|'ysRT뛇o)B3 + |$[bc3u"X\ߘ'a*9ڛ阔]V}cח/ƯHZfݱ3^^Gܢ^r̯6$Lh9FfTLpjԾe_@M1X% ckLZ$"(<ړ79*&Ur&δݰ3l)%+J=$ U2\uH~GmiV:rٳ&23ǃԚtٓ.;I,MA%݇yJ ⋶͎;;&):sq۶glx[o~HO;.(و_ڪ8RnrkM3W[OX{p+Rp|{ᕟ}9-g}޹.6`W{}_KNw>Pp+vܗ(|Nm}:{df:L(jϰ*ZS`dp*DFWKoPa W-VNnT^]5zsPp7?pH-r+*7K'B)c|`p]o,6Z/š;wEMMQd6VmLI] WJ0.Ɍcu?wԮܸ89766Ӥna ; Fw 3WNVv[TY&O -lZd* X&zM޷![ђ&9H LrYNZ|dsgU5( +(.UQ""ثK=F#>b̊FY)BL q&.1Ԕjj]EwӃ4+G=A/e=t@&^ F229AJc̴ ]ܹ]s~d4/4 4E1E88.|)^-V76Fiz㣨q $JrJR$*xsH vHGZR kNert89]KLŶ#tÀVn}$V0䑥l!<'»ᡂʎM7k}zA¾B7Xouv& -"'o}E|7/|7W<\~[N|bO8Ϟ+{};'n?TR|HV^иlc7PFaD"Z6# #s6cOcл֛|;f.^UїCiV' g١? ;%^;J;?#1whkvtotlEgruG-Y$/Am '/p{NՏh2clĶ;t$HIJĸeB/ïQH$Zqeyy Ԉ$S60% g\lyβzc~Wv ݼ?{ˎ6m~ /66m*Y,=4ß ~84:t5Tz_a{4Y]$Ilkj=l D Xg``.dfUB%jl(bv,{ATIDEd}a*qfyDc*{UNXh.< 'j;CּcpN]LI*2Q#?nw(C&Lk%ZL (OEt՛{vwLkx~w`Ӧn4y|ݳK /_ " ߁طd׽x`!Ke'&$_w*8ux.8j5E!d~<CNF4p;mv|B6HAa(]F}r^{Z)<If:>WbENתU#OQf*20VQ MaC5a}aX aX0,J09ð  #cpz<ci3RH0X`1XdR`Pi @Ceg*0P@*/a a*&  U)ah8  #c {bMZVz1XsM 63GyV`;k iG3 v1"= {'SXf8(d{ҧQX*`&3 Tj!QȵLj(g&5#PwvB\CFV~8VL9y2ʄ'%BOh96C}3Z=&ߵ_?oPa z!t@?lVAn&c])!G)%EU\h&(Me=Ȭ: ibggx%P!\`+i8Ɲf,J(Q g#zFEa+ qCdrvkh 6V q +oam %mlNa51Zլ6jF/c}p1ΦYẒm n r6Fؼ)E~| <]aaCJ J$H. nXkFyk#c++kѕKh5Pik^֔ ja-l׎JsI&L$s;6m-mMFyaʺvyam{mښmՍ kWini piڶvh/g0QNSyEG[9>m=+S꠾];ڪkjWWW۹Mrԕ6wȋ:;jqSMjs 5m5Mm]'e%4*l^WߴRbEZyy2~y]scu{<[^_-/^Tː'fON+o^# i V47urM}{K#T䖶z(\5V-m;ԗm` i1hPAhc-m5kwծkj'$7ȉIre8:Com:@ᾦ%()-aԚuM5:t`(_tkjR2N]mc˵6v5jm#uj"ո!wB=_^z ^5*\d޿k]7}6Άy>3 ξf&2ⵌ!]ok ۑUCӇJ^ԋ\:pIݾhWEwOq{9aSd!GXA!h)[ tB88S8ǰZB3=.sv.)?C[z6pVtB\Ba)]@-iqYvߛsvŒ i,[VTCZNmbFxPJMi4U-I-cr0F.D%~tMsɮuƴ|5 Ȅ\s2!Cƴ= 8<r<{ p9Yx#!yBȃ!\ w!_)B,w`Y@l g:CNc/5 À5* ,i$Dy QǸ84sq];K><,\{'(LNȧ a>*-m a7@ 5o@xM0azn4WYXy߲UHc }BGFT4ׇ=&W0Hm TyAX a'q5.tr Dٍ'Jop 29y=Yy yo D#oZhiF%Kw^ @G_$r***C94@N iMqc=muo^c?ɽL'N1VtbhVR*JRPJDJ3};fAb?ӘgDhLB/?V4 "bRh. ,GE^^$pOS1*.+ Y8ƲCS^Eۢ!iⶻˑͲ6ϖgj̞^#QU8=5ptEeiF~J/Ҥ(ZH˹Žx1C2')acxHVƄ C{T*U*cwSTxa8V3v<xg8NyIqS (1NPP_EI 9r'Wq!ݹ9o?|>|xJ QUZUdJy-ium][X.M Z=]xUvOO)rW1?#뚱+ct6vAǚ#Yz+EǚBLRi0ѨA^b˧YLxnoe?Z?.VN*=p)QxJb{ui_lEv@QJPkw+ ,);$PZE)hzPC 9n2*_N/tc?wr.S\B|)=۱vFhB<:ք0-:i%4i!7J endstream endobj 22 0 obj 13894 endobj 23 0 obj <> endobj 24 0 obj <> stream x]Mn0FtaCR$Qi@!E*2΂㡭~8sIX?heaVmБH[G/Dm~*(~k ۜt(~ olQ~ލc<*KyxL@&<̓}@&Y⹂Sp iwk}C N ~ߒ V endstream endobj 25 0 obj <> endobj 26 0 obj <> stream xz{xյ޳#OzJbK[N'۱B ICd]l><-x:X&F }CV[! GtC?9wjg8($+q+DƖQc0Q,{goܪ߮OV2f2ڠ=$cEYt#`Wb0J/t+cvr̟}%;Ut<|~> =hlX*p6V;̧?˨&"W !SԀY`Nx:M13fJRq8;37u/A vV4LիNW Yٽ2ŲHbu6rjM D0)L s|Xma{UL5WgQZ:]!*t_6W ZI?. ]P^H5]GuEJv8v{ v[}4@̠oOI/Qn̐LWi2-l^Kw1=nu=]nSV!.}{:It'qJǙ.OƔ)iJAqЖ'~gҹ AmHf [oqە2SJW)Bb|@QyM*P* O+ okH o60%p)cns0=;nK%An`_E.- rGu~ Y \W|w+1E7a-53q#NSbyhZi[<%l鑟!j%jC+;雙m4۸J :$؄>aH9aI ђjV$kz~D̕a_PqtZ 󤎛ڼarb([ȉ_-4.8ۀI ~31@X<:XÕţ*ML-0 3|B3kZ|O%d->఩3=RyWGE_Uc>6v]mCm0i[tr0 CL6HPSGz{TbNgPb?kZs#1 11f.xšQ0cx c[mn4_&a=*s:58m$}S(QlWOR`H"J*wQqn~zkzSޢ2;CS3rvYUEhUrѝ j@h?O7 BWQ@K4&?#m7|o6R/%G(AEF!*FQ%ND@s,UjSTKl*{_1Qs-bWKQ'19E&p2+V}Ehm+RO3KpR|J׀[n~(4-֘ѶʾR 3> úa˰0,[maGFYWuiRR~4`A$)zI>%u)a4vD8"%NQ*cHZؑUUrD``ÏR+{iRyN.J@m`[P2I534U5UkQՆwSFj}bm8z=Q:RۄmRzr=y %]ք+N G֔-%%syqWt0JFO W2QUVp+'ݧ=zWmmƿ-no?>;ܺ|;7D]ZDmdT`3Th5hlkUF亰ի.`҂^mGxkV+}. GcT$h`j<=5k>>I9|v*".Vkhwl*hf.9\J4OErnBHuA _.4͖&^Yڗn/ VO$ 7Qt/OOIz]^CֲHqU#Zmimb&wcQS!Y>wonHGŔ}4wh}4N grRk *e8g,%gNZ+%k^~ ?kօWl^5W׭kN+U=(_![̆\NBDr$Yނ0#Gf/OȅH%~\d Q})b K@E016&RŶ);WW.k0N]iyem_xGH!])qReg}P qx\c실EjZZ s.fl0ɦs8G 4)5&eʜ^]irp&2ðq#9F- x"5iE }&bGt}Pn"Nx%tIznnV나vvvLGQVXB긨D\bmZ1az4 wO#?;Wk^juxeh9_5A^rʏgP;4EmĘzyzUFUꋾ'_xv)Wtt`0b~G>d Kl!{ً{nŹ}teuO2# ~0e2S3Ҕt )u}0 & anNjxs _S46v7}~}MSI(1N܁[u8ކoCʕ0aisG? 8$Ug.Hզ-jmX e>h ZrzH[Z{NZtUwػwvƩqn0͓ck,;!oSE="{U7AIaXd~:,T`'V}ѡ'fգ]|-ebn\[[%soěJ/|/;WyIcH9CaQ]/0)4 j 0:{ЃCp.u+$@,~مEEk8ACĉ p1o%}7׵U1xsivZHހe+,<@0)BpNX(Zo>/Գ(dp0 eGdž9(|H_ݯ IaiU+ Þ7 /P .aJb]2!KnByPNIn _k }@7qK\qk0{Eq_\ f…rmʡd| _+׫9~y.ˏy?K+դBZh,^QZ$>y;\4Ψ>EKʝWɉF"o(#bYZʶX^,?Z+\y5JceŊT~2*NJ%KSd$007@xQ//JӦ+CJ;Ӯ;M ҅iOڛ.Jt =/=? ].=JFeDZr:R_yJQ6(+o(!\C1宆6|sή}xq㏚{cZJDyBP~Mh/{Bl}l(TSoOj\xq %`;04e2@'9̈́!3n[xVgb4lّ+֬J֪Zv׉G:--Gufr,,ˋZ|́KAG`aXe:X+ZUJTg_Y\s(}u0l[ +MMff'd]0, :xek,X@&Oƃ$3}Io-ԯ;Ѝɪ%㊻.>⧻r~rj6=˭ޓv]0$7z@v t&V/8jdtN"T/PcD(.dR0ٔ=0DjuЍv󗦠so2PPW$GSe*h$"vV羷ꞥKoGO_W~>߆`{%v+<֧)\b P]6(<O+T{E/:#@` orp{MVfH ZPD}>_竃Dsv^nݹ; @` !Ut9S(:B2Ctjy?Go#bڎP>>±BKQ#Sb҄y(PG5{fl1C'pSku_?c)4m˂,7ggXh}RڮjzW//#pL p2Xd8Fj'og2y4+ ȯeefe?H0CӬߟO2Ax0+z *_de(,aNBcHijΝ7n7myc|;=+6a-]2қohvz:6ѽƮήUs5U^iڼcΎ6y.-[:;K+*=7vxj<2jjܼ.lymoٺuW6/[% -G;CtڊNER ъ-h'h3ڈ0jp VݝZ_@ ށT^pZMm}=<-:~=hȫlq齹 mmNZ9f7ڎ';*jx5ZU7~ϯVȪXʴ -Ri>@V3+Ҥ{e Y>B/[z lYvT2K!KeZfz\6C(dB=K=@jR*TV41{HE)!L!3dB+dBB3ľ)!3$8C0 _>Ȼ)G ]O2 ‚}L ) 3Ht~^_Oe:/Hra*3$ǽɁ }}r 2% `}ı (3D\JXb!b4B vgB)QjR AK z_x>_}A@ endstream endobj 27 0 obj 7367 endobj 28 0 obj <> endobj 29 0 obj <> stream x]n0@|!cDBHCRb!z=gy/Smn``: td(AΞjmYaM?e翹et\lܹ`Vxy.:]v~nGj_wzX+Kxf!%詃en5\˂ YUߝR\rgk]tAqHȊ9B8s> endobj 31 0 obj <> stream xYktŕ=#H9F[`l,4d=, ,ɯcd>ِ'a5 L!6YL`Á@y`@8K{%[Bv֭{oݪ閆 w Fh箎dfQ? νC+'cWC?;Ϸ|P;MFBu/:g8gCy?ߘ`;:;_}Ǯɕݱ;c P~rOwF'"s:z9C,ξ4k& d`vO;Ɛ Vou07y,d"-lW2  MSRsd2dq+c2/B bhyvOc\|w탓~.Ƶr/q]':X!X" zD6dU:.c$DGEx .舃%p 4V&2HzI/\BEsXL( VˉΥuAmO|<{S0; Rp+8އ)LR[۟6r:o=0_Y!zh&hpԋ0 DŽg>y /hpCw4 vh˚u5U¥%š‚``'dgy=naY-4ѠiEskԆ~?Q= 2ky/mwѠEE28@*`C: ǙA@OΌuƀ'7VMa'X m() &'Hӵ)^?.Xd.7NK=ڎ Јc™8lDd1&kټ>9!QDL]0rh8->Y@"h8XqԒt$cO{eqWꃯyxFv>Oz5OD"W+b'5]tjg7v:l`^\%56 Ļ:V)cr5в9kL$U97&J7ƨaFvG-ȾN Z(ZKZeǓyQ& 2i\ҡR\˻@aS}l)kk똚Yccx;κGM>r+7'dK{/ hƹ.`Jab;|S2}- /ƩJK X Qw|xb*ivvȣ7*}l zSǹrF88˷S?fﭗ# _Zy/P)2p7.¹l ɚioCg @Wosm|(Sꁎ1u+Ѥ_ڼy.4cqKňnǤc?1tY6_]8d\Ik40;pd]̏=B[5 Gn#Ʒ?ߑGXDѐkA/ZȎEN,eH Be~ߚAF5>mp;(hDi=wFOH!V VpPzN#yD #a}zK L;u!+ Ġ7 }Z xLبY>݂^pVFhfB˰A.2/?>U54.5&JtZQ$/ҚhOY{[es݇Qc]u*?Q2\}kJAR`/tK lUV43Oe(it ǖWӯGy~Bki$Y҄Ap`244SHlN4yfQ}S[S<χ**.YZV@aaL B5PU w55NQ*;{0~0s3n̺іS7꒟!+gμ3gEk Paيm_N|ؤǽ̈́ 6A%X-9֣nHrC.[]1qxJ@z.S%p{ًiek3t{ f{d! YSZMV@ #cA!E !b7dCx lM4J\nJ muJi^aa ~dRvjL?%vWVl\ڞ+ '6~o!sr*,#Hy}ݲzÊ#9e'NŒҠAl[] fs?,Ub$2pAw]hW+}sfܫ/JԤ kF`vXQA1b7̎ެ>{b2dy碚tt j~}VYaey[ZnDo>%ky+;Wu嶒 { z]S,ޗ`YbE2cW,.{~] ,jtOB|'aaJӛxs3_&i^ !hc5..x|g}o@Y=Z\8NGfW}0EPWhξIB7ߏ)(j0&ɯj{|oePŁ;^΂Q t =sAd@%"EXb71E, v3C V8ΰ삇TLDUzG<e*Fd5CXD_ *Ai!R_8;+sh4)c4 nӼb|%n&jbMt1N-Xa #nS1w2lU?ð#>bG6=!SvQyb:Τ2a/]_mq}I=#*F{J %&USo0}LŸZŶ"yc|o3\Bt*p(ֱc_ckP1ؤ҇f;bWwn{h  [" 4I]d"Bkb:T*뉅 8_Pw5h bA=>!IVS{R䬄xއ"ov/t쫰݉ԥfZǜԭlATwa"m`~ܞ(ԢLƇnf2f5[낰jUtboClUt?`zmFC/$㽏ݥbݥ̆](3 ;Ip>lY(^++,b^~;b.عH1V0{$e]8K'ӨDxUTfXw1~9Z(s:U]ݬ{eߔU2q57RV?FWw1M;w)9Wrs]+De7]TkR1~YS% bڭf|QY9FRk2oPɝ(+4w*}ĉaۋ^S"W( .6OK8u->rF ghB)N۳BFuc)Yr`RWm x$\+bBP+DkfnH,y޴g GBz3Ibۯ+@b>}H?3Lܲͱ+X[b9yna"NPʔV}Aq*P&)HyMyTtlUT~ rr0i0P5&M&'ݙSn7Stg*GR=cO>J\[Tp*TPX`d3R. Vxd/Wdq1*';GIT"TזzW 7OLK)QisUFJ*P XI>!r S6cped~!5D%sVS*0[@҉ a\4ilI)I sR ר`ZL~"Ae)W{Ч1A H˂*̍r8pA+`d6L'\_f9%lYճK7$:ޞͤ\={>CoJ7kE=Nsϐ[|NnA/a^~q/Y%:_2ItLtaX0JH*J"R\.8Ҥ/bȑ ҷ=A+n)F<<DZL}t%'٢6!i6GdH:t"1|$B9Eΐɛd̀#p &̜̂gY^H4EI:Psu6jjmܲJl7ЗM{o?ĔeZe"O'd R!|d>.Y 4N:Nz\6ӎ9HdGWv u(C󚮠AZQ/hiW}$!*B+8G)5?1{ endstream endobj 32 0 obj 5229 endobj 33 0 obj <> endobj 34 0 obj <> stream x]n E|tW,,(U$/P~Tx/ i+u:tOсy+{tFyX%&mHYQeWxY8¢ߖsgF۶Fwgex +Ltycݯ} &ЂpNg^ ]NŶ>ZZa]H`qBf wʎa7ᣲʢhJB>Tkc$~̌C֣'OҪ~Rz>1V Y\x1m} endstream endobj 35 0 obj <> endobj 36 0 obj <> stream xX{te_}UU:W'J:ݝw'D*B A(1$]BB3ƀrfǃy(v؎ݸ0{pVGwf9j U ;ߩ{罿~ޯz ;ҭպOY߁{Xn|_p#ؼ}ƶ ԠiXWF>{cgs߈|֖?IC~ Ζݣ#-'d׸S{ںg>;~ (S-,'sg(pʮq8矃0 }!cuoGe raXQa8VXBzVGp >L c&O%)0.XI8oX = B9ĵFizq_I(QWaTeʚ‚?bQelzzj>e'>oTo ꗯVF\Tuj[Ij_T]&A#ZfR9SpNE" r˔3yKӮV; ڿCͲ" FO 0iʥa|h2$.5Il AKIvf B+j"(")&ŬXbS&LԏZWnpOg˳fQg\~TI2MI~9)L6.Yߛ%$(b+͵ 7l>w.LS{{҅|˸ jV69YTXI5%ڄ%I5d`; AOQw奴=:y{MW[J7ŋӗСfsHNi# 8SS\tl0_/,\gN?m!r{I60^`Rns7T+nmm 4v<ݽa~=N ݣХ&9L5@ӝb 0i-,yO 8ANpXpp:2['mIˉHG_zͳc{{ZNCsW?}t0B?٘@@0aT#pd_1ML1DǟYIkړt5Er}c39GaRLwy]y ODHEۺffx,fdyYhbIA*Tf &'tpT' Q5l+yK5ߖk/rsRso`uٖuqL~&tWw= saKaGl߲2ĂMr<仓gOYc%˛u`#xU.\؏牎ZX=7|hݝMs+*B|z}PMxL_DDn~S4E}B|)Tccۉt0t$hH ]G4V4rnMz!#Qe:. )r)|/O3Ӯ97j҄x 5y!<_BKF*DT->Ѓ8#=!&e6!J&H`wϷsO oС7w:~ɒq>z5m-XХ,زᶺu .ȁV*76Al>+JBl^|z ZPtӁbjl5ڂ\-~Q\ތ߯58}D~{} ,úeF&V-Ɗmb'uZ.|ǸNhGyoB (3z`fİ_rSnhSa3ktlm9@WVVsnfJ[=lFo.[:Ė'/_Öѥ;%~V֫?6JktF5.Ш輛kټ3ZzF+5:;JgiBghFKh(JK8GihP!Z/,fZ~74?6!f9~Ȭb! 1z2Jaއjo'f^?žYC4*Ut!63Jg ь(MGaң4z4b)QIH%Ei XE'Y\Q*;L֨M(k3ԢQPQF2QJxY˸d-* cd}$ˀ>2H endstream endobj 37 0 obj 3885 endobj 38 0 obj <> endobj 39 0 obj <> stream x]n0}uA`nNUDdLiV|$ 2{[3Leo!6{QMxHise vw F0񤪘!ys?B֭ au(Kx_,,ڂV\oWl*DA%A~.ggM|%yG yO~> 3y#ה{h#fŹ >S7ȸS(Gf&oQ6{w;Y7e endstream endobj 40 0 obj <> endobj 41 0 obj <> stream xXkp>Z)r"[~(,]H&1 !m9I@ڵ%BZPj:%P@SBSNcHSZh)0C? CaI۸^m9(Lw٫5`o(&&lx+ėpMJ_9`7Ez7ss{X#('Ϋ31uQރ9D8t Q&q1&(,iK()k}jO$EB>vifl|OxH೙̇WJW O? $w炦,CW >Ox>~aSSpu#p?W{p~˭uxc1Xw*ZnHBVAmIN…C ]pqE7nj;@B-Ax~/Adv);A?awKdxmeβոquew@@/nC-_ԯ/23`,71w^Oωss8/[rfeR_W!#RzUҬ$JRT#JlFI[/HT%'%1.}騘 ܬnr ں dc>c9")"G԰$"I}*'eIQcb~PK[LC:UQSDKnL!%W9U,& Y nQE)4C$1U*S$!'cb|5ɄDR!GBXGhZm)DQ,0*!j-ģCdmȱ4*>\s">d ; Ug#s`U)&#XURQE/S0HD#!h⚆ªv fYmHաҗ!7-r]" 1!bٷq $Hg ӆ3& 7)o: o@z1@3˖`8Ԣe u}F[I2e]B.&I}H7_Ot&FlokXuMaxW[j#LdUeZ5AL%cG2S?=(rQ6:Q0~ɫi uJ^!h"̻QNFgGy7˙`ynf /7^Ee|`q1zwɇ]“MYlFV Y Z! 7)͞@i)K̞`'mhnjZ=CH%~ڣ Ũ*vfblB_h>2g2?܉))Z붼 NrYsJ`+d47gqLeL^{2TUKHʶu#塞Q'fKÍ쯖Mt笖EGŎh}fBl)XT}/|QʗU/liA ^;pgOp}8_$_qMB̴wUS%YovO6jًKY+z?[h].{;y~kB[2mmB[;v6l4 [ 7:ƕBSc WcCP$ܰQh!llX%\xi卆ONᙘ4vԅO';Ɛ1q;3Vtg̶Cx|BHD?>{[v2刞^n ՒB J~ORluTsl$5{Utc ]&^][z endstream endobj 42 0 obj 2823 endobj 43 0 obj <> endobj 44 0 obj <> stream x]AO 96О&f&=?´؁L)VM<@x7kQ13.qe0HU5fߖsGcl_[2opzqwȁ&8_{'Hj[8=O6=u.;"_mKuw=.:dKƘۭUHw>,K1)t~ڀ[ITߓbک}Ymu endstream endobj 45 0 obj <> endobj 46 0 obj <> stream x}y|U9޻{wNg$@Y¦%`C ;$ qA3z:c#*rTtqW;I}Tuй~RU_U:os*_6!yѪqKf5!^Fg,ڸ>{iA-Y/{?FHXrb)vt!ԶeiOWw Yf)\؝$ρܥPuE8}W.afw꺡k ]z7!I׻n=:'}k{^:|)aG p j$No0kp/3+r %eʪhuMm]cbئ-څ/>ΝB?~/yC;= }QtG@ϲFԏ^0;.h'@7x >~~#,zر'@NuNy'jGG_>w z-'G킕:1xf4QJy_T>~?~>yu/95"] o9u¿2a1jz<ɺ=|HV??C_G{{h4Zo<]], ,~Oh)Hƭ -@(~? Vv G7VUVGJKEy`z.n˰Z&AJQ9Q Nh¾`0Q{n{{Yn~K 9#龣 oo AY&;RZI%@wr]0\`8K1]V۷vZޛr;;st-%ٝΖBk4SB]->+КLEvN]Oھ OS/?,Pw}v.g Qp\h\Bq;w޶0mk o>:8|v_b KR< hO%`ܵsb#u:=u@@l8@ʨ}N09tCv#$:J6J4yU0yA-Ķk(׏HI 8f;Rwҏw-YlHH_ik]:*~<">B0hzc0Z(a '9Ǝ roF횹sR\QGJD=ԵtJTjیĂJ߶p9 vAOp%1Bn e#U>g[S N2u9 F >`Q4 S""'=vAkК; .n7~Ixѽ"C֋$h:8|~"6P@֛ v~o<5>?=brvgƴDy%Yo0d sh4]vNTA+k6i? d ڑƛ0 |p _`:VzenŐz`L('%6vR|7<‰0dqcUte#="Ɵo63SY!2s+#Qۢ5 {FBY[#팫] p<9@ʨ(wCh~A~~(GXC*kMMU]0;\׎Oɖ)?*,.jktDhWA ߂QUZ;Í&-7v=zƔ~F> q.}paAm$\2mYDRV(ˇn^+NWvX7[WKVg~{ʃqk7H.ݍ)[2|^3oX*՘E8g*}0,/E9&tTpe\84Z)ņ*#ơƪr򫭡j0V)zQc[ɇEuزY6}*ϐɣy]a(lh[TW-]f[g`0oL1H( *T*f#`w*ѡTTr^22]2x#5 "Y3\mVTY7[xݎH(TM"nO,#=EMdUd/r5\.e·o/e.;vȡrz ^F5O묭P[By6 iaԅ>/K֛AxxyomU{0H$=8qSYtZQwAu3E{mrة}:ؚucJ{BֿL|@M;7mr{-765n+8sW4ҺMyy,b}iZzɿc˄UFl9G\HU5r K.bot.̄1D cΤr*wQ2=}I>*2(&"QM"qZ!|`_^^=`tMj}pʣ]kțC?P.Z5)yxv>dr#oК'|,hi6OQKYI/ h|^Ղ`ky:z<IZp^65C + <_PG8t93r(sDkX YY="4G|ym₟HY/:bdiyQ*3ThX&ק2jBd"D73)$wZrrpE=,0{`Zgbos2C$&O90I E^H=8'FdNXdaȜV)|.T|pY4RE/Gü?O_a{g]w߳{=w&e'hln\]߿OMſ_m/@Ώ9?Wr~![Xҽ=S4Jk"rLOk94<%txJ7Axz_@4lWe2o.Z69›5qE֏33Q6P@Χ4w ^:(N <_zvjSfo{7pd:vQk%h)+*Zٺ)3&L-/|?y<ӬCgR!+MNEEQ0KHx-Ҁ@M58ayeȹAˠ.ȓP1V̚|呫e2/@Si U,-.gi!Gq~(ޯx5Φ>RS:C)zSѝZ U(3{$쳽>K`r mc5`з-y9aH|kR[RJcc%}#*` ˖.g>)6G177&5{O gb%)?+l&]3wɂU Ƞa#NzT D,1 ]1I0 gsNNQW`5,bXʲZZzp'OoGu:1jd% 9RZ53Zkeچ (ѻڬZ@sARqK STE*fp4 Ht`LUI˺Ӛ_soXi9='Lý8qZ4uk˞Kߝ1Ok2FL3ƒcŘr>˟>MWts/y-q{>\n;`_bxR=\>]XʼnH4:Ulthi8>#K/'xyw#_y3g.^Gx8HZMސ= YZ6] _G$! : U(05Ae/13l`1waW/\;\E >\zk΂P 1GVv1қX%*%ȌVDGͬ)WM*?AՈJyj?-Cs1($w戙cRdd&b **3QF:Q bQo|WAB2:{pmՁ[}2]$tj+R^:ͲNf8 燎D}YAz hQ !^Ԙ(4҈I/>ez#0Kht(.PDTT@ I2p_t>aywdVU't_gjBu#`Q#jzvKїb RX B nfa~Zn~--vV跐u FivnqB(/(#B5I$*d6M1S#L2_gkmN%?m?<{y}[o~/_u 2$|dypk2 &V$Ckܖd<=3s~nܶұݓdiͦ0l5A͢,v${k65FGj#A"{̕eheo0a.KM9fqהIYYzZ5<ʾrz7ϱǕp],ph.Ŕcf`uS*a5T*,R۬PfBp> tU9ܿ_$5n¯=ȜֵlUan?mh؁Ɵ9^𤯹znٽNʊ~ʲsclAΈ} cDZd7_Ѩe̙U/r&|2 ֑5U9I8CȟwiR~M#+jK&݉36>|#ʪqCFEV3nːfqM`V_:|'U9/BdOh%U$%v]bL2U'2sL# nT_ۚgg76'-kdr?6f&_K ݒ=MYiȒo-qz "?  ERY\1R lޠtI ǫ΅+# kP @]: V5'46CؔO!}xMޝUpK*Y8"'tIv`rH'! NH}뱨fZf쇠E&W`Hx/ pG(!Xi8Q PUfV/lRDZ JѱV.2cz:;iY:$:9wGa n>dPg1PG˞ei$i?pD% 7Fnd/#I>ܟN( 103; P-BYQ tr/Lzz̺}K)^G`8΂5rY Z T@JEo ;G 4 |/l~4,lP'$Dj.1=M`D5\슖aeV)E.:Tj|\0cٯZ3wf']x k)F`,W0ɇcfgwFXqZ Fem۵vLk*޶(0w<6m3֖҂%?k3~{7iJk ޤ<}WäՓV4DG:Y<^BH$NX+ X'?;֐P;ICre;EhG`UF X]gH32(C@`42H}oaD̾o "7aD=2iZHTv)$o?h9-,7 xިS6Q# ܹUT鑤O:N'4dSGt>وQ5u 6# ,&qƌzVbV-_A̬P@ꄕUf`#%L?MV߄dh,5 ',D.TX+8ZcvC̎:HATs3ҹ7y^u?2gY?vf闄a8aKe6u\ dE6ifUHUX8dSac^\IP<5rssTw;I( %E//rX2egοn޽/g]5^+>!vW&t-]gyjg.^d{o2mJ!"Exi?.X࣐? $Ov_ŤqGwz Пe-̵ye Xyl!IZWb3Vs()y@]~*23}(|K$HI!%V,dcM+`jI_#f*+Q*Zp* _*9;m⳾Dv˴ eǻm_zl e~-F;G0L5KHP%Bn+*t]_<]`QOYzn :i | ί5<[-pv:x Č<"jqПՋj!dPӇ&4c46MjŦ&JMT#S 6}dJuh-TkY n" A=Ǔ[nHn=Mx=^ywi'pshj_A>V>[*hbg5Z2:gV8Vr.*26lyVT$ RLlu1=gRYď 8"ŕJdEcE Of;Df/Df/D&%U@dW\Rj/RR"@榬FR*\C#&iv+yqnWXּiVo'״?\|do1s"{d?Yi3W۾6d&)׸hN7w[@3t֢(1BގS*: : ՄB?6](]I|zXv-ح5 Hh!؍07\IkGFa!9Dnu5 |KJ+̎zΝٯ_^: K0eAiZ4ƫ(;5uًf)>*{KePOS_ھio޹ǯ]|ru˅z-~' ?Q@ =(jA@SN[$$ZZ2V/1B h(5 \R͌FdzldېZ\IVY:e+”m'ˡLp2\z+8@>AZUqQ t)Dċ6Ǡw0`JԇU7;ȢL р.beJY'R?|bw{?_E񋽏6 '/{8"%ƚi.!9ٖ5=wT>|ZyE85ؠir5QMffl"k4:3F[|[ )n}̋d.),tBV>< ΉK`x |βk4Ӝ db ԜE)C;UN&SL:Gћy,i3bS8O(<[\guߝ yTV6׮8]A5CVZ}{Cػ%䛁GO%죲mYM 'JN4FuGuV2cUESr}:EbSAصj|VtbzU(eMcnZȣlIUA%:zk97_()-])%a@ŋ?m]3''V3]j.gP V5 Bt)yg))Hm۟Um)`/v`%3CKs7 u*}28&rs\ݤkqYzt2 V~3#%['3%f7$ZVY3ZVJ hRmx FC 1~+ `^I@\VJt0eɨA:S5fѣ60'%K^յ[oս,. !gRnl7(Zh,:H]T˶ӊYyRKMRS2/=%[hnC쵵77tMɌ91LyGL4\=%[]:%TըUyű\5EC: nz=y9ae :3;:+=k>scB7p8{M.Y4bN$=W缀 +,Ƹxy,julf#"("!i!@4">1+ό\r %D*O-Fg7<[)hZ~63ϳ8<4spx&#3o. Z啻ϖę%p6.T,iLO/6P֜+It:iB >k?JnţU"t`nղڶFIҾRRZO XM?g~YI)*lW/LPsΫW?pJY6.B"GU>YN# w߽ u چ,xT$ydknj-9OceN%/:y;~ImXgbIz(Qܠoœ(Gup5ȳO#vCZ0rXvY+fXA>I&o÷{.tg?=6yڴ?S3̘e=AX%=f$\>׳\,Cb YP!˫>8O6>ANS}Zc")_Հ.(f]/[E#@rm{zW'\ G7-+orC\ЎqYkwM4 `sHְ l>mq0ѓ'y>5/xq8.sUKl NiX|OeȌx8|lyKO{/2*uBP8m]#|ꁮd5#K:`(h=N:c1$$v~{be&6UXXlEZſv|hCɡdRj<ܚEt؃K(4OƓsq#k^n߄h7+,hQ"S@"掊$l2c_%2=524F0"{!d2QWHO^&0ci U*kSki_e(P6i!ŃA|Ap;9,<{oԩ~;p>NfVUc{W#Y<N'S&xn+؟l_1&KPKCNI81Fd+4"@ 7[dۭ|EGn pmh+k ۋ%$;PDx43׹;QY1#8NjZ~kDNa6jA;qu N&t\ Z"n&%Kh27fr 9 Z $_wm@R G7Rapxf渴M[wنLuSXvY{gg8joՖ/q\uZO D+4fj:̞?o?8 /];8֊؟ܥ:eA2wy yYy 1X`- LkBK cFTCT :*GU6TX@٘ 85.Qa \֢L2UhYFr?I0XGq|Ov&1B0pvA;X?0ɮ+g1ڜbpks~\"),J .e_dػr  cA4hB+Z6a#Aj l@׺q{gs_ehE`[ P3뭏2V23_ ǵpm Z ֱ8q#컡e;<] ז 7u#bX@rTJt-qò*#eow׳tpa[f}Qlng4 "8w3ne 0Xz֊FRv2+^waY67,a6_i70QFpd1d=%=co_hBlR@ ʳkGcu[ _޵^圶]U^w}L7yk":r *$q]XVu]$,Jwl^W Б(cYޗ.ڿ2nr=y/ӗB+hڣJNJr{b'mZiG/lw{v+ؿJhi9Wmx~4xj2W+ spcZt'=\#ݟhl ܻ2l;`P o@ ضw_ai||5}ܨ^,t` Q ̰ÃxFfV!g0*}N<}ҷpcžا }*z}=z#Pv 6,Ԩ)Ft(,V ӮQS}6n>VgU} 5cxrPqP`Pw_z g(ً5 tPMVJcLʘ~r>|z迾spIո595 @? \oˇqP!+ɭ9V-ۛM8}o^,b}KXB tN֚i/}'_?ӯ[[y6sLRw{>QR{<q<>t"S*a;T]?ɣbFFFĂX)v,l2lJeU:ꯎעg_F^Mq~K=7ךk{'_[ϬaOt ?ھ ^ g^Wk3j~%Xm,N,9FY O޳һ݉ޱmF /\]}]2/0o< ^/?e/Ona{nBj!=pvWgp ~~>֟aٱl\Dl1L?Ozů/0֙6C=WhtZ9*y&o0 |=G1.t" 7%l3j+mk~g%N|[VA IM#!?y@Duwך[v%P:zb'P 3͡.MC-u?Ї ?a; 0^Fzpj~I;ۺv0֚lMwp_ endstream endobj 47 0 obj 16111 endobj 48 0 obj <> endobj 49 0 obj <> stream x]ˎ@E|b]݀GK^xR >}v) [EUlw~ɾc{Kzn1>=k?$FҮoxLIrOo2I==闿aI_BL^]x/א/9TlҎOMfdu>SΗg3PB\:(lؑ pA֘,l+Jc!k-Ysw=w; | WMpӿ]&PDLJkҿ菙[+kn߀/p6/У - %7pWWУYP_*G>ʖ#kof􇧍G/6w?[Դs󴜿8r։G_1/0CKw9;[8;[ߡ!PqsZ?+y/Slh?i'6 endstream endobj 50 0 obj <> endobj 51 0 obj <> endobj 52 0 obj <> /ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC/ImageI/ImageB] >> endobj 1 0 obj <>/Contents 2 0 R>> endobj 6 0 obj <>/Contents 7 0 R>> endobj 9 0 obj <>/Contents 10 0 R>> endobj 12 0 obj <>/Contents 13 0 R>> endobj 20 0 obj <> endobj 15 0 obj <> >> endobj 16 0 obj <> >> endobj 17 0 obj <> >> endobj 18 0 obj <> >> endobj 19 0 obj <> >> endobj 53 0 obj <> /Lang(fr-FR) >> endobj 54 0 obj < /Creator /Producer /CreationDate(D:20110708154208+02'00')>> endobj xref 0 55 0000000000 65535 f 0000075992 00000 n 0000000019 00000 n 0000001198 00000 n 0000001219 00000 n 0000008704 00000 n 0000076161 00000 n 0000008725 00000 n 0000012988 00000 n 0000076323 00000 n 0000013009 00000 n 0000018148 00000 n 0000076486 00000 n 0000018170 00000 n 0000020660 00000 n 0000076769 00000 n 0000076931 00000 n 0000077093 00000 n 0000077239 00000 n 0000077401 00000 n 0000076650 00000 n 0000020682 00000 n 0000034663 00000 n 0000034686 00000 n 0000034877 00000 n 0000035285 00000 n 0000035545 00000 n 0000042999 00000 n 0000043021 00000 n 0000043218 00000 n 0000043656 00000 n 0000043948 00000 n 0000049263 00000 n 0000049285 00000 n 0000049481 00000 n 0000049809 00000 n 0000050000 00000 n 0000053971 00000 n 0000053993 00000 n 0000054191 00000 n 0000054572 00000 n 0000054810 00000 n 0000057719 00000 n 0000057741 00000 n 0000057933 00000 n 0000058224 00000 n 0000058383 00000 n 0000074581 00000 n 0000074604 00000 n 0000074795 00000 n 0000075383 00000 n 0000075810 00000 n 0000075893 00000 n 0000077550 00000 n 0000077693 00000 n trailer < <3F0867C3D3374E5AF7ECA7666A8DDBD0> ] /DocChecksum /758D35145190FB86D06A78F8BDC32051 >> startxref 78005 %%EOF